Arunachal Pradesh also called “the land of the rising sun”, lies in northeast India. The state is the largest of the North-Eastern states, spread over an area of 83,743 km.
Arunachal Pradesh, with its snow-clad peaks, towering mountains, roaring rivers, high altitude meadows, and vast unspoiled sub-tropical forests is aptly known as the Last Shangri La on Earth’.
Arunachal Pradesh is gifted with traditional craftsmen skills that have been passed on from generation to generation. Local men are skilled in weaving, carpet making, wood carving, painting, pottery, ornament making, cane and bamboo work, smithy work, basketry, and many others. The women are expert in making handicrafts and handlooms.
Arunachal Pradesh is situated in the farthermost north-eastern border of India. The influence of tribal communities and nearby Himalayan civilizations is quite evident in the local cuisine of this area. Rice and meat are the staple food of Arunachal. Lettuce is quite popular among locals and it is cooked using green chilies, coriander, and ginger. Boiled rice cakes, Thukpa, and momos are the traditional dishes devoured by people. The food is less on spices and is generally mild.
People of Arunachal celebrate various occasions and for various reasons, be it religious, socio-cultural or agricultural. The tribal people are simple living people and derive happiness out of small things in life.
Since agriculture is the main occupation, there are various festivals where people pray and thank god for a good harvest. Some of the prominent festivals celebrated in Arunachal Pradesh are Losar, Solung, Boori-Boot, Mopin, Dree, Nyokum, Reh, Si-Donyi, etc.
Dance and music are an essential part of the life of Arunachali tribes. They dance and sing on important occasions and during the time of festivities and weddings.
Various dance forms are seen in different parts of Arunachal. From elaborate religious dance dramas of the Buddhists to the martial arts and colorful dance performances of the Noctes and Wanchos, dance forms of Arunachal come in various formats.
They can broadly be divided into four categories- Festive Dances, Ritual Dances, Recreational Dances, and Dance Dramas.
Arunachal Pradesh is perhaps one of the most linguistically diverse states in Asia. More than 50 dialects of the Tibeto-Burman language structure can be observed here. Nyishi, Apatani, Bokar, Galo, Tagin, Adi are common languages that fall under the Tani dialect.